What is the daily diet for puppies? What they should eat to be able to meet the nutritional needs of the body. Meet the comprehensive development both physically and mentally. Choosing food for cats and dogs is a way of caring and expressing the owner’s affection for his dog. But when you have chosen the food, the owner will wonder how much food is enough.
There is no specific answer to this problem. It depends on age, species, activity level. Or your pet’s metabolic rate as well as your personal schedule. From there, it is possible to build a reasonable and scientific diet for puppies.
What nutrition should a puppy menu for?
In the early stages of life, the puppy diet is very nutritious. The latter’s health is mainly determined by nutrition. Foods don’t just provide energy for the body. But also contributes to the synthesis of cells of the body. At the same time, maintain your dog’s daily activities. Prevent diseases related to the digestive tract, intestinal tract, bones and joints and other diseases.
To meet the above requirement, food must follow the correct nutritional formulations. Not too much, not too little. Reasonable amount of nutrients to achieve development goals. Depending on different breeds of dogs, nutritional needs are also different. Chihuahua and Saint Bernard dogs have a body weight ratio of 1: 100. Therefore, their nutritional intake is not the same.
It depends on activity level, age, as well as sensitivity to food. Even Golden or Labrador, many people think they have similar characteristics so the needs are similar. But the reality is that the dietary requirements for puppies are completely different.
The amount of calories per day in the puppy diet
Calories (Kcal) are the unit of measurement of energy that you absorb from eating. Any mammal needs this energy to survive. Please familiarize yourself with the concept of resting metabolic rate RMR. This is the lowest amount of energy an animal’s body needs to survive.
For dogs weighing less than 2kg: RMR = 70 x (weight in kg is 0.75).
Dogs weighing over 2kg: RMR = 70 + (weight is in kg x 30).
But that’s just the basic calories your pet needs for a resting state. You need to consider their activity level to adjust the puppy’s diet a little. The energy required to maintain the pet’s daily maintenance, is also known as MER.
MER = RMR x A
In which, A is a certain index, depending on the level of activity of the pet.
- Inactive: A = 1.2
- Normal operation: A = 1.4
- Breeds of dogs to work hard or on farms: A = 2 to A = 3
- Breastfeeding animals: A = 3
- Livestock are in the growing stage: A = 1.5 to A = 2.5
Diet for puppies over 2 months old
For lazy people, the dry puppy diet is convenient, providing enough nutrition for the puppy without having to spend time researching what to cook and how much to cook. Also, the preservation is also simple. Presently packaged foods contain instructions for use. Very convenient for the division of the diet for the puppies.
Daily feeding rules
- For the first 8 weeks: the puppies should live with the mother and receive breast milk. From week 4, it is okay to start giving your puppies dry food supplements, but soak them in water to soften them to make them easier to eat. Choose a puppy-specific food. Or at least food for everything from puppies to adults. And use a dog bowl to avoid spilling the food on the floor.
- Up to 3 months: feed the puppies 3-4 times a day and soak the food in water for a few hours so that it is soft and easy to eat. Always make sure the puppies have enough water to drink every day.
- From 4 months to 1 year: can be fed every 2 days and no longer need to soak in water. Make the transition from 3 to 2 meals slowly over a week by reducing the amount of food for 1 meal and increasing the amount of food for the other 2 meals.
Quantify the number of meals per day
The needs of each individual pet are different. Therefore, it is necessary to rely on many factors to determine the exact number of diets for puppies per day. Or it may differ according to the stage and physiological development.
Puppies need regular and adequate feeding. Unlike older dogs that are less active, the diet is also slightly changed. Even a 2-month puppy’s diet is different from that of a 4-month or 6-month puppy. Thus, to choose the right diet, it is necessary to rely on many different factors. You need to consider carefully before deciding and developing a puppy diet.
Puppies need to be fed in exact amounts depending on their weight and age. If you eat too much will soon make the dog obese, deformed bones. If you eat too little, it will lead to malnutrition.
- From 8 weeks to 12 weeks: best to feed 4 times a day. 700g of food divided equally into breakfast, lunch, dinner, dinner. Always have potable water available to your puppy, change the bowl one day after another.
- From 12 weeks to 16 weeks: feed your dog 4 meals a day. The amount of food is about 1.2 kg divided evenly. Give your dog enough fluids if he eats plenty of dry food.
- From 16 weeks to 20 weeks: 3 meals a day. Increase protein, animal meat (avoid fatty meat because it can cause indigestion and often go out). Give your puppy enough water.
See also another mode
When dogs are of different ages and months, at the same time, the puppy’s diet for the day is also different. The frequency of feeding per day and the amount of food for the puppies in 1 time are also different.
- Under 2 months old: 6 times / day, each time interval 3.5 hours
- From 2 – 4 months: feed 5 times / day, 4 hours apart.
- From 4-6 months: 4 times / day,
- From 6-10 months: feed 3 times / day,
- From 10 months or more: 2 times a day as for older dogs, each time feeding more than usual.
Dog food rations for each season
The climate, temperature, and humidity change from season to season, which will also require regular changes to your dog’s food. So, what should we pay attention to in the seasonal dog food?
In the spring
Knowing about the weather characteristics, you will know what kind of food to feed your puppy? This diet aims to ensure health, good resistance, adapted to each weather condition. For example, in winter you cannot feed them very cold foods. Or summer – the hot weather does not allow them to eat cool things to cool their bodies.
Spring everything is full of life. Warm temperatures will get warmer after a cold winter. The amount of food for dogs should be reduced by 10% compared to winter. Snacks can no longer be arbitrarily eaten. This can easily make your dog obese or have digestive problems. Spring temperature difference is huge, it is still cold and wet. Dog food should be placed in a well-ventilated, sealed place to avoid mold.
In the summer
Summer weather is extremely uncomfortable, sunny and hot. Make sure your dog is hydrated every day. Drinking lots of water is very beneficial for cooling off and avoiding heat. You can put some sugar-free ice in your dog’s drinking water, but don’t let it get too cold.
In the summer the dogs eat quite a bit. In hot weather, it is easy for dogs to consume a lot of energy and low immunity. You should add protein to your dog. Choose a nutritious puppy diet specific to each breed.
Sugar, vegetables and whole grains should be fed in appropriate amounts to maintain a normal body temperature. Maintain heat and balance for your dog. In addition, avoid junk food because junk food tends to be high in fat. Especially beef and goat meat will make the dog feel hotter. Even being constipated or going to the bathroom produces dry, constipated stools.
Many fruit juices on the market are high in sugar. For example, watermelon, peaches … will make it difficult for the puppy to digest. Instead, add vegetables, inorganic salt. This is a nutritious and delicious food that is beneficial for your dog’s metabolism. Don’t give your dog something too cold to cool down. Puppies may have diarrhea or other digestive problems.
In the fall
In autumn, the faster the dog’s metabolism. They started to eat a lot. You need to supplement your puppy’s diet with a lot of protein. Provide nutrients in a moderate amount for the dog to accumulate energy in preparation for the coming winter. Especially the breeds of dogs Rottweiler, Poodle, Becgie …
The sudden changes in temperature and climate during this season will also weaken your dog’s fitness. They are prone to colds, fever, cough and other illnesses … You should also pay attention to where they sleep. It should be kept in a cool, airy, warm place.
Winter air temperature is very low. Short daytime time. The weather in the North is dry and the South is wet. Too dry will cause the skin to crack, and the high humidity can cause inflammation of the skin. When feeding dogs, pay attention to supplementing with water and vitamins of group B that contain a lot of fat.
The winter puppy’s diet is also limited to overeating. Because though winter has to spend more energy compared to other seasons to combat the cold. But no matter what, you have to adjust the amount appropriately. Eating too many dogs and cats that do not go out for a walk is susceptible to obesity and other serious diseases. As long as you pay a little attention to seasonal dog food, your dog will be healthy year round.
Make your own puppy food at home
There are many ways to prepare dog food at home, depending on the owner’s time. However, it is also necessary to arrange the puppy’s diet in the most reasonable way. You can feed your dog as much as you want. Usually applied to puppies from 3 to 6 weeks old. That means until they start to wean. However, even if you are ad libitum, you should be in control of your food intake. Do not pour too much to waste. Food left out for a long time will quickly spoil. This is not good for puppies.
Develop your puppy’s diet three times a day. Applies to dogs with a lifespan of 6 weeks – 3 months. After weaning and learning to eat, you should feed them with meals to form good habits. Add more dry food to help them digest better. For dogs over 3 months old, this can be reduced to 2 meals per day. Especially with ornamental dogs, working adult dogs, large breeds … Non-working, non-nursing dogs, adults of medium-sized dogs can only be fed each meal. a day.
What should not feed the dog to avoid getting sick?
According to veterinarians, 2 to 6 months of age is the period when the puppy’s digestive system is not stable and adapted to the surrounding environment. They are very susceptible to intestinal infections. More severe stress can affect the dog’s liver, and cardiovascular system.
Do not give your dog very hot or cold foods. Will adversely affect the dog’s stomach. Avoid greasy, fatty, or very sweet foods. This is one of the causes of intestinal diseases in dogs. Dogs can always develop disease or incubate for 1 week depending on the resistance in each puppy.
Never give your puppies ready-to-eat foods. Examples include: rolls, sausages, smoked meats or overly salty foods. Because they are not good for your dog’s digestive system. If eaten for a long time, it can damage the liver and die before reaching adulthood.
What should not feed the dog fast?
If you want your puppy to grow quickly, be smart and healthy, it is best not to overfeed your dog. It is the sweet foods that make the dog always feel full and full.
Feeding your dog too much sweets will disrupt his digestion. In addition, this is also the reason why dogs often cry even though they are in normal condition. Dogs and dogs should not eat the main uncooked foods such as eggs, fish, mice or other types of lard and fat … These foods make dogs most susceptible to diarrhea.