Raising a newborn dog is not a simple job, so for the dog to be able to grow well from the moment you greet it, you need to know how to care for the newborn dog. Good care will ensure the safety of mothers and babies.
If your home has just welcomed a new pack of puppies but you don’t know how to take care of them properly, this article will help you overcome this challenge.
Habitat when raising newborn dogs
After coming out of the womb, the puppies begin to endure relatively harsh conditions. All conditions of temperature, humidity and even nutrition are different for them. So when taking care of newborn dogs, we need to ensure a suitable living environment.
A large enough box or nest box can be used as a bed for the mother and baby, so the dog can protect and keep the dog’s body warm. Avoid placing them in too bright places as this will make the mother feel unsafe for her baby. Put a lot of newspaper and a few towels in the bottom of the box to give your puppy a comfortable and dry feeling while lying down.
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Besides, the warm padding in the puppy’s bed is also a useful job when keeping newborn dogs. You can place a heating pad underneath the leopard, set at a temperature that is right to keep the puppies warm, especially when the mother is not around. The safe temperatures are as follows:
- First 4 days after birth: 29.5 ° C – 32 ° C
- Next 5 – 10 days: the temperature gradually decreases to about 26 ° C
- After the 4th week: the temperature gradually decreases to about 22.2 ° C
- Be sure to change newspapers and towels when you feel they are dirty, change to a clean paper box or clean the dog’s nest so that the dog’s shelter is always airy and clean.
Take care of newborn dogs through diet
When puppies are born, resistance has not yet been formed, so they should drink breast milk. Breast milk is the best source of food for puppies because breastmilk contains very high levels of nutrients, amino acids, vitamins, minerals and proteins that can help puppies build a good immune system. Best. Therefore, special attention should be paid in the first 4 days after birth, it is necessary to exclusively feed newborn dogs with breast milk.
When the puppies are 5 days old, you can give them more warm milk using a bottle or a needle to pump milk into the mouth, after 10 days, you can let him lick milk from the plate. Combine continuously breastfeeding and drinking from 100-200 ml of warm milk every day for one month to supplement essential nutrients for puppies.
After the puppy is 3 weeks old, you start to train him to wean him with dilute porridge and minced pork, feeding 1-2 small meals a day. At 1 month of age, you can enhance your dog’s diet by adding fish, eggs and vegetables to his daily diet.
Adjust the diet to 4-6 small meals a day when the dog is 4 months old, to ensure the health of the dog’s digestive system and stomach, be careful to cook food and have a certain dilution. . After 4 months of age are considered as adult dogs, at this point you only need to take care of them like with other adult dogs. Feed the dog 2-3 meals / day and be flexible with the amount of food according to the development of the dog’s body. Note should not eat too full in one time, so it will not be good for their digestive system.
Breeding newborn dogs can not help but the veterinary examination and disease vaccination
Dogs often carry worms and some other parasites that can cause many health problems, so you need to take preventive medicine as soon as the puppy is old enough.
After two weeks of age, you can apply anti-worm products to the puppies. Fenbendazole (Panacur) is suitable for dogs from 2 weeks of age and older. Panacur comes in a liquid form and is used by a syringe pumped into the dog’s mouth after a feed. Give orally once a day for 3 days. The oral dosage is 2 ml per day per kilogram of body weight.
When the puppies are 6 weeks old, bring them to visit the veterinarian for a flea medicine. For fipronil (Frontline), dogs must be at least 8 weeks old and over 2 kg to be applied.
Puppies vaccination can be started at 6 weeks of age. Puppies already have a certain level of immunity from breast milk, but they still need additional vaccinations to be sure. You should check with your veterinarian about the appropriate vaccination plan and make sure you do not skip any vaccinations to best protect your dog’s health.
Above is how to properly take care of newborn dogs that anyone who has a dog should know. Puppies are still very weak when born so as a good owner you should carefully and carefully keep newborn dogs in order to keep them healthy and live in the best environment.