Hookworm disease in dogs is what? Is it dangerous for dogs? The most dangerous disease in dog nematodes is caused by two main types of hookworm: Ancylostoma canium and Uncirania stenocephala. Hookworms are about 5 – 19cm in size, slightly bulging head, round toward the abdomen with 3 strong, curved teeth clinging to the wall of the small intestine like a hook.
Hookworms in dogs cause anemia syndrome, blood paralysis due to destruction of red blood cells, diarrhea with blood and nasal mucus due to damaged intestinal mucosa (often mistaken for Amo-dysentery). Adult hookworms attach to the wall of the small intestine in dogs.
What are the symptoms of hookworm in dogs?
Young dogs, acute illness can cause abdominal distension, severe abdominal pain, screaming and rapid death. There is not even any other symptom. The skin is wrinkled, thin due to dehydration, thirst, dogs can die anytime due to broken red blood cells, blood loss, lack of oxygen. If the dog breathes heavily, breathing is very likely to die.
Adult dogs with long-lasting chronic disease, although still able to eat, are thin, frail, and slow to grow. The lining of the mouth, tongue, and gums are white. Black stools diarrhea with mucus. There is blood at the top or bottom of the stool. The smell is very heavy and is especially fishy.
Hookworm larvae in dogs can become infected through the skin, causing itchy irritation. Dogs often scratch and bite the skin like a mite. The dog’s gums and tongue are not anemic (bright red). The lining of the mouth, tongue, and gums are white due to anemia.
For farmed dogs, if you see scattered dead dogs with the above symptoms. Be wary of severe hookworm infections in dogs.
Dogs infected with hookworms like?
The hookworm eggs passed out of the dog’s feces will continue to grow. After 24 hours embryo formation. 3 – 6 days after hatching into larvae depending on the ambient temperature. The rod-shaped larvae grow quickly, metamorphosis and become filamentous larvae encapsulating cocoons to easily penetrate the host through the skin or mouth.
When entering the host’s body, hookworm larvae lose their hard shells so they can easily enter the digestive tract, even into the lungs. After that, the mouth sac and the airways are formed. In particular, the sharp teeth stick to the wall of the small intestine, with the nozzle to suck blood to parasite and destroy the host.
- Oral by swallowing or smelling dog droppings containing hookworm larvae.
- Through the skin, between the toenails or the soles of the feet contact the environment with hookworm larvae.
- Crossing the placenta during pregnancy the mother’s body has the larvae.
- Through breastfeeding.
Life cycle and hookworm infection in dogs – especially the sharp teeth sticking to the wall of the small intestine, with the suction hose to parasitize and destroy the host.
Diagnosis and treatment of hookworm disease in dogs
Through clinical and epidemiological symptoms, it is possible to evaluate the possibility of hookworm infection in dog farms and in environments with hookworm larvae. Examination of stool sample, easily find hookworm eggs through microscope. A hook worm can lay up to 20,000 worm eggs / day.
The drugs can only kill adult hookworms, not eggs and larvae. Dogs need synthetic treatment with anthelmintic drugs. Absolute care of veterinarians, rehydration fluids, enteritis treatment, hemostasis. Even a blood transfusion is required when anemia is severe.
The drug is used either orally or by injection. There are a number of veterinary products that have the ability to treat hookworm in dogs: Champion Worm Protector from Agrilabs, Dogminth, RFD Liquid Wormer, Pfizer’s Nemix tablet, and Bayer Drontal Plus).
Can use high-dose Mebendazol brand name FUGACA 500mg purchased from the drugstore. Crush up and mix the dog food. Dosage is as indicated by the veterinarian in person.
How to prevent hookworm?
- Worm remover for dogs to prevent disease periodically. Areas with a high risk of infection should be directed by a veterinarian. Veterinary preparations Heartgard and Sentinal have good therapeutic and preventive effects with hook gium.
- Environmental sanitation, management and strict handling of feces contaminated with hookworm larvae in dogs.
- Inform the veterinarian to regularly check and test feces in the areas with a history of dog death from hookworms for necessary advice.
- The 40th day pregnant mother dog and the puppies from 14 days old need to be dewormed according to the doctor’s instructions.
- Ideally, newborn dogs should worm with deworming bleach every 2 weeks: at 2, 4, 6, 8 weeks of age.